TF-104G/TF-104G-M Aeronautica Militare Italiana (Italian Air Force)

 
constr.nr
codes
factory
MM
fate
notes
unit
US serial
583D-5767
20-1 1973-1984
4-23
1986-2003
Lockheed
MAP
(MM12685)
MM54226
pres
first flight 19.10.1964; MAP to Italy delivery date 23.2.1965 (the only one delivered in  bare metal livery); 20°Gruppo 26.2.1965 (Nato camouflage scheme); 20-1 4.5.1976-9.8.1984; stored Grosseto 10.1985; 4-23 6.1986-1.1996; grey camouflage scheme 10.8.1997; modified TF-104G-M 07.1999 - 03.2000 by 4°RMV with grey camouflage scheme; 4-23 26.9.1999-25.2.2003; last flight 17.4.2003 to Grazzanise AB and withdrawn from use 28.4.2003-27.10.2004; storage Grazzanise AB CFE area July 2006 last noted; 4-23 was carrying Squadron Leader Insignia
"20-1" "Istituto di Scienze Militari Aeronautiche" (ISMA) of Florence (Institute of Aviation & Military Science) as gate guardian, via del Aeronautica 14, Florence, Italy; TF-104G coded 20-1 in first period NATO camouflage (with large white codes) with the 20 Squadron insignia on the tail, July 7, 2008 first noted; October 2009 noted; April 2017 noted.
20°Gr
63-12685
TF-104G-M
583D-5769
20-2 1972-1975
Lockheed
MAP
MM54227
crash
MAP to Italy delivery date 2.3.1965
20-2 8.1972-5.1975; 20-2 crashed May 20, 1975 near Marina de Grosseto due to a mechanical failure (Forward Flap Actuator Failure), both crew member ejected safely; Col Benedetto Chianese and Capt Cesare Balducci.
20°Gr
63-12686
TF-104G
583D-5772
20-3 1973-1985
4-25
1986-1987
Lockheed
MAP
MM54228
crash
pres
MAP to Italy delivery date 13.3.1965
20-3 4.5.1976-3.1985; 4-25 9.4.1986-5.1987; stored Alenia 6.9.1991-13.9.1993; CFE Cervia 25.5.2002-10.10.2002; crash-landed April 16, 1973 at Grosseto due to hydraulic failure (fluid loss). Pilots Capt Saviola and Capt Morpurgo both ejected safely.
4-25 damaged in belly-landing on May 21.1987, Capt Paolo Sfarra and Capt Paolo Medda were ok, not repaired; to Alenia and stored, used for spare parts; withdrawn from use at Alenia and used for static exhibition; Cervia AB for CFE in 2002; on display coded "UTT2-01" (2nd Ufficio Tecnico Territoriale Aeromobili) at Turin-Casselle AP in July 2003; February 2008 noted; March 5, 2011 noted; October 2014 noted; coded "4-28" August 2015 first noted; March 2017 noted.
20°Gr
63-12687
TF-104G
583D-5774
20-5 1971
20-4
1973
20-5
1976-1981
4-28
1985-1988
Lockheed
MAP
MM54229
crash
MAP to Italy delivery date 15.4.1965
20-5 4.1971; 20-4 24.7.1973; 20-5 1976-8.1984;
4-28 4.1985-31.5.1988
4-28 crashed May 31, 1988 at Trapani AB, both killed, Maj Pietro Vidale (pilot) and Serg Giovanni Montagna (photographer); photo mission for “Le Aquila” movie, during squadron exchange with Luftwaffe JaboG 49.
20°Gr
63-12688
TF-104G
583D-5776
20-5 1973
20-4
1974-1983
4-27
1985-1994
Lockheed
MAP
MM54230
scrap
MAP to Italy delivery date 24.5.1965
20-5 24.7.1973; 20-4 22.8.1974-24.8.1983;
4-27 16.7.1985-12.4.1994; withdrawn from use 9.5.1994; 4-27 withdrawn from use due to airframe life; dump Grosseto AB without tail and engine; September 2007 last noted; no further information.
20°Gr
63-12689
TF-104G
583D-5778
20-6
20-7
1976
20-9
1977
20-7
1978-1980
Lockheed
MAP
MM54231
crash
pres
MAP to Italy delivery date 28.4.1965
20-6; 20-7 28.4.1976; 20-9 14.11.1977; 20-7 13.4.1978-09.1980; damaged Grosseto 21.9.1980 during a touch and go and burned; withdrawn from use and put on pole at Grosseto AB in April 1985; lion “UNUS SED LEO” special colors preserved as Gate Guard at Grosseto AB in blue/yellow scheme in 20°Gruppo area 16.6.1991; 2004 last noted; near the new 20°Gruppo building close the old 4°RMV hangar in front of the new 20°Gruppo command building, and now poled from the exhaust nozzle; July 8, 2008 first noted; May 11, 2011 noted; March 2018 noted.
20°Gr
63-12690
TF-104G
583D-5780
20-6 1974
20-7
1975
20-6
1978-1984
20-29
1985
4-29
1985-2003
Lockheed
MAP
MM54232
scrap
MAP to Italy delivery date 10.5.1965
20-6 8.7.1974; 20-7 19.6.1975-14.7.1975; 20-6 10.1978-18.9.1984; 20-29 05.1985; 4-29 (green camouflage scheme) 15.5.1985-01.1995, grey camouflage scheme 10.8.1997 - 3.9.1998; modification TF-104G-M 07.1999-05.2000 by 4°RMV;
4-29 26.9.1999-14.2.2003; withdrawn from use 03.2003; Grazzanise AB CFE area 4.6.2003; April 7, 2009 last noted; no further information, likely scrapped.
20°Gr
63-12691
TF-104G-M
583D-5781
20-7 1973-1977
20-9
1978-1985
4-30
1985-2000
RS-09
2000-02
Lockheed
MAP
MM54233
pres
MAP to Italy delivery date 12.6.1965
20-7 24.7.1973-5.9.1977; 20-9 13.4.1978-21.3.1985;
4-30 31.8.1985-07.1997, grey camouflage scheme;
4-30 18.11.1998-08.2000;
remained in service as a G model (with RSV);
RS-09 1.9.2000; rear cockpit heavy damaged after RSV hangar collapsed on November 25, 2001 at Pratica di Mare AB with RSV-311°Gruppo; withdrawn from use 2002; stored at Pratica di Mare 2003 noted, respray in special scheme for Perdasdefogu 2.8.2005; gate-guard at Perdasdefogu, Sardinian firing range Salto di Quirra, near Decimomannu, no code in 2006; tail with typical Sardinia island flag; insigna under the cockpit is: PISQ (Poligono Interforze Salto di Quirra); 2017 noted.
20°Gr
63-12692
TF-104G
583D-5782
20-8 1972-1976
Lockheed
MAP
MM54234
crash
MAP to Italy delivery date 12.6.1965
20-8 2.12.1972-04.1976
crashed as 20-8 on April 8, 1976 near Perugia, both pilots killed, Maj Massimo Pelosi and Capt Giovanni Buda.
20°Gr
63-12693
TF-104G
583D-5783
20-10 1972-1985
4-31
1985-1994
Lockheed
MAP
MM54235
scrap
MAP to Italy delivery date 9.9.1965
20-10 2.12.1972-6.5.1985;
4-31 17.7.1985-6.12.1993;
withdrawn from use Grosseto 5.6.1994 due to airframe life, dump Grosseto AB 2001; 21.9.2004 last noted.
20°Gr
63-12694
TF-104G
583D-5784
20-11 1969
Lockheed
MAP
MM54236
crash
It was officially assigned to MAP at Palmdale on October 23, 1964; to Italy delivery date 26.10.1965
crashed February 10, 1969 near Valfabbrica (PG), East of Perugia. Pilot Capt Giovanni Tempioni was killed. The second pilot Maj Marcello Caltabiano ejected safely. During the mission the port tiptank separated from the wing and severely damaged the tail on impact. The aircraft was uncontrollable and crashed.
20°Gr
63-12695
TF-104G
583D-5785
20-12 1968-1985
4-32
1985-2003
Lockheed
MAP
MM54237

scrap

MAP to Italy delivery date 13.4. 1966; 20°Gruppo 13.4.1966; 20-12 08.1968-21.3.1985;
4-32 8.9.1985-3.9.1987; damaged on landing at Grosseto AB 3.9.1987, repaired by Alenia in Caselle 30.9.1987, back in service 10.1988-20.2.1996; IRAN + TF-104G-M conversion 10.4.1996-23.12.1998; delivery date 20°Gruppo 23.12.1998; grey camouflage scheme; 4-32 12.2.1999-12.3.2003; withdrawn from use Grosseto 03.2003; dump Grazzanise 1.10.2003; 27.10.2004 last noted; likely scrapped.
20°Gr
63-12696
TF-104G-M
constr.nr
codes
factory
MM
fate
notes
unit
US serial
583H-5201
20-14 1973-1985
4-33
1985-2003
FIAT reassembly
MM54250
scrap
manufactured by Lockheed at Palmdale, California; airlifted to Turin, reassembled and delivered to AMI; delivered to AMI on April 29, 1969
20-14 07.1973-6.5.1985;
4-33 29.5.1985-5.6.1994;
IRAN + TF-104G-M conversion 22.9.1994-10.6.1998; delivery date 20°Gruppo 10.6.1998 in grey camouflage scheme; 4-33 5.7.1998-18.12.2001; withdrawn from use Grosseto 23.10.2003; stored 10.04.2005 last noted; no further information; likely scrapped.
20°Gr
TF-104G-M
583H-5202
20-15 1971-1984
4-34
1984-2004
RS-09
2005
FIAT reassembly
MM54251
pres
delivered AMI April 20, 1969
20-15 04.1971-07.1984; 4-34 07.1984-16.8.1996; IRAN + TF-104G-M conversion 29.4.1997-9.9.1999, grey camouflage scheme; delivery date 20°Gruppo 9.9.1999; 4-34 26.9.1999-21.9.2004; Pratica di Mare AB "Raduno Mondiale F-104" May 30.2004; delivery date 311°Gruppo 24.11.2004; RS-09 30.5.2005, last flight July 2005; withdrawn from use July 27, 2005; stored Pratica Di Mare August 2, 2005; November 2005 stored Pratica di Mare (fly worthy) noted; displayed Giornata Azzurra 2006 noted; conserved inside a shelter at Grazzanise June 16, 2010 last noted; N990SF STARFIGHTERS Inc, FAA registration 01.2012; January 20, 2012 first noted at KSC, Florida; in June 2014 in storage awaiting conversion; in October 2015 seen wearing light grey primer overall, awaiting final paint; November 2017 active noted.
20°Gr
TF-104G-M
583H-5203
20-16 1969-1974
FIAT reassembly
MM54252
crash
delivery date May 27, 1969
20-16 20°Gruppo crashed September 20, 1974 2 NM south of Firenze/Peretola AP during an aerobatic display, it crashed 1500 m from the Peretola runway. Both pilots had no chance to escape and were killed instantly. LtCol Miani Giordano and LtCol Caruso Salvatore.
20°Gr
TF-104G
583H-5204
20-18 1976-1984
4-35
1985-2003
4-20
"Blue" 2004
FIAT reassembly
MM54253
pres
delivery date AMI June 30, 1969
20-18 1976 - 18.9.1984;
4-35 04.1985-8.7.1997; IRAN + TF-104G-M conversion 13.11.1997-8.8.2000; grey camouflage scheme; delivery date 20°Gruppo 8.8.2000; 4-35 09.2000-21.10.2003;
4-20 Blue color scheme 10.12.2003-10.10.2004; last flight to Grazzanise 25.10.2004; withdrawn from use 26.10.2004; 10.10.2005 noted
4-20 preserved inside the new Grosseto Base museum (old 20 Gruppo hangar) July 8, 2008 noted; mobile display September 2014 noted; March 2018 noted.
20°Gr
TF-104G-M
583H-5205
20-19 1976
20-20
1977
20-19
1978-1985
4-36
1985-2002
FIAT reassembly
MM54254
stored
manufactured by Lockheed at Palmdale, California, airlifted to Turin; reassembled and delivered to AMI; delivered AMI June 27, 1969; delivered as 20-19 in 1976; 20-20 in 1977, 20-19 again in 05.1978-21.5.1985; 4-36 10.1985-13.9.1993; TF-104G-M prototype at Alenia November 23, 1993; first flight with "M" conversion in February 1997; delivery date with “M” modification on November 24, 1997; 4-36 (grey camouflage scheme) 4°Stormo 20°Gruppo Grosseto AB (LIRS); 4-36 28.3.1998-27.7.2001; withdrawn from use April 3, 2002; dump Grosseto AB 21.9.2004 noted; Grazzanise AB (stored) May 2007 noted; March 2017 noted.
20°Gr
TF-104G-M
583H-5206
20-20 1975
20-19
1977
20-20
1978-1984
4-37
1985-1991
FIAT reassembly
MM54255
crash
delivered AMI July 21, 1969;
20-20 19.6.1975 - 25.6.1975; 20-19 1977(?); 20-20 13.4.1978-25.7.1984; 4-37 10.1985-6.9.1991; crashed as 4-37 on September 6, 1991 at Tesorino di Valpiana, Massa Marittima, near its home base Grosseto due to engine fire, both pilots ejected safely, Lt Ugo Gentilini (student) and LtCol Giuseppe "Pino" Fognani (IP).
20°Gr
TF-104G
583H-5207
20-21 1975-1984
4-38
1985-1995
FIAT reassembly
MM54256
crash
delivered AMI 22.10.1969; IRAN till 11.07.1985; d/d 20°Gr 11.07.1985
20-21 4.11.1975-10.8.1984;
4-38 05.1985-20.6.1995;
right Landing Gear collapsed on landing at Norvenich AB, Germany on May 19, 1995 after hitting the approach lights; back on May 29, 1995; crashed coded 4-38 on June 20, 1995 into sea south of Montechristo near Grosseto in bad visibility; single pilot Capt Massimo Susini was killed.
20°Gr
TF-104G
583H-5208
20-22 1972-1985
4-39
1985-1997
FIAT reassembly
MM54257
crash
delivered AMI 16.10.1969
20-22 2.12.1972-22.4.1985; 4-39 17.7.1985-04.1997
severely damaged at Grosseto AB during a touch and go after a precautionary landing pattern without nose gear on April 24, 1997, both crew (Capt Daniele Locatelli and LtCol Alessandro Abriani) were safe; aircraft damaged beyond repair; withdrawn from use and stored Grosseto AB 17.7.1998-21.9.2004; stored Grazzanise 17.07.2006 last noted, no further information.
20°Gr
TF-104G
583H-5209
20-23 1974-1985
4-40
1985-2004
FIAT reassembly
MM54258
pres
delivered AMI October 22, 1969;
20-23 8.7.1974 - 01.1985; 4-40 17.7.1985 - 26.4.1988;
special color scheme "75.000 hrs" on TF-104G with 20°Gruppo in blue/yellow scheme 12.1990-08.1991;
4-40 29.7.1994-8.7.1997; 4-40 Tigermeet Fairford 1994; TF-104G-M modification 08.1997-19.7.1998 by 4°RMV; delivery date 20°Gruppo 19.7.1998; 4-40 17.7.1998-1.2.2000; grey camouflage scheme 2001; 4-40 16.5.2002-21.10.2004; Pratica di Mare AB "Raduno Mondiale F-104" May 30, 2004; last flight to Grazzanise 25.10.2004; withdrawn from use and stored CFE area; October 10, 2005 last noted; N991SF STARFIGHTERS Inc, FAA registration 01.2012; January 20, 2012 first noted at KSC, Florida; December 2017 noted.
20°Gr
TF-104G-M
583H-5210
20-24 1972-1979
FIAT reassembly
MM54259
crash
delivered AMI October 22, 1969;
20-24 2.12.1972-19.11.1979; crashed November 19, 1979 into sea near Talamone, both pilots were killed; LtCol Eugenio Frezza and LtCol Renato Chiosini, (probably spatial disorientation in poor weather).
20°Gr
TF-104G
583H-5211
20-25 1969-1985
4-41
1985-2004
RS-08
2005
FIAT reassembly
MM54260
crash
pres
delivered AMI April 29, 1969;
20-25 10.2.1969-4.1985; 4-41 17.7.1985-30.4.1998; cvtd TF-104G-M 05.1998-10.1998 by 4°RMV; grey camouflage scheme; delivery date 20°Gr 10.1998; 4-41 23.7.1999-11.3.2005; Pratica di Mare AB "Raduno Mondiale F-104" May 30.2004; delivery date 311°Gr 11.3.2005, RS-08 4.5.2005-27.7.2005; last flight July 27, 2005 with 4.276 flight hours; withdrawn from use July 27, 2005 coded RS-08 311°Gruppo; stored Pratica di Mare August 2, 2005; November 2005 (fly worthy) noted; Pratica di Mare May 28, 2006 noted; Grazzanise stored May 2008 noted; stored in shelter April 2009 last noted January 17, 2012 forward fuselage donated to “102 Gruppo Virtual”, transported to San Giustino; display planned as mobile virtual simulator.
20°Gr
TF-104G-M
583H-5212
20-26 1976-1984
4-42
1985-2004
FIAT reassembly
MM54261
ops
delivered AMI April 29, 1969;
20-26 1.4.1976-07.1984; damaged on landing Grosseto 10.1984; 4-42 07.1985-1.9.1997; IRAN + TF-104G-M conversion 30.7.1997-11.6.1999; grey camouflage scheme; delivery date 20°Gruppo 11.6.1999; 4-42 23.7.1999-1.02.2004; withdrawn from use Grazzanise 29.01.2004 with 3.597 flight hours; Grazzanise CFE area October 10, 2005 last noted; N992SF STARFIGHTERS Inc, FAA registration 01.2012; January 20, 2012 first noted at KSC, Florida; early 2014 it was painted in a fragmented grey white blue overall scheme meeting specific future mission requirements; October 12, 2015 seen airworthy over Florida; January 2018 last noted.
20°Gr
TF-104G-M
constr.nr
codes
factory
MM
fate
notes
unit
US serial
583D-5712
4-44 1989-2000
Lockheed
MM54553
scrap
ex GAF 27+11; delivery date Italy 13.4.1984; road transport to Cameri AB on August 7, 1984, with 1.679 flight hours; IRAN 7.8.1984-12.7.1989
4-44 30.6.1989-01.1995; IRAN 20.1.1993-18.12.1995; grey camouflage scheme; delivery date 20°Gruppo 18.12.1995; 4-44 20.2.1996-30.4.1998; TF-104G-M modification 23.2.1998-22.10.1999 by 4°RMV; 4-44 05.1999-7.11.2000; withdrawn from use 11.2000 with 2.869 flight hours; dump Grosseto AB 06.2001; 21.9.2004 last noted; Grazzanise dump 25.5.2007; May 2017 noted
First modified TF-104G-M aircraft withdrawn from use!
GAF
20°Gr
US 61-3041
TF-104G-M
583D-5738
4-48 1993-2003
Lockheed
MM54554
stored
ex GAF 27+36; flown to Cameri on August 22, 1984 with 2.154 flight hours; IRAN 31.8.1988-6.8.1993; AMI serial number MM54554 coded 4-48; delivery date 20°Gruppo 6.8.1993
4-48 09.1993-8.7.1997; IRAN + TF-104G-M conversion 21.7.1997-22.12.1999; delivery date 20°Gruppo 22.12.1999; grey camouflage scheme, 4-48 16.5.2002-31.10.2003; last flight 31.10.2003 to Grazzanise; withdrawn from use 11.11.2003 with 3.267 flight hours; Grazzanise AB CFE storage flightline on April 7, 2009 noted; June 2011 noted.
GAF
20°Gr
US 61-3067
TF-104G-M
583D-5739
4-45 1991-2003
Lockheed
MM54555
stored
ex GAF 27+37, flown to Cameri on August 23, 1984 with 2.020 flight hours; delivery date 23.8.19/84; IRAN 1.10.1987-27.3.1991; delivery date 20°Gruppo 27.3.1991
4-45 16.4.1991-05.1995; IRAN + F-104G-M conversion 12.4.1995-20.7.1998; delivery date 20°Gruppo 20.7.1998; grey camouflage scheme; 4-45 17.9.1998-06.2003, stored 2.11.1999-16.2.2001; last flight to Grazzanise 12.8.2003; withdrawn from use Grazzanise 3.9.2003 with 2.947 flight hours; stored Grazzanise AB CFE area 27.10.2004; dump Grazzanise AB June 6, 2010 noted; May 2017 noted.
GAF
20°Gr
US 61-3068
TF-104G-M
583D-5743
4-47 1992-2003
Lockheed
MM54556
stored
ex GAF 27+41, by road transport to Cameri on August 7, 1984 (delivery date could be August 10, 1984) with 2.241 flight hours; IRAN 1.7.1988-30.4.1992; delivery date 20°Gruppo 30.4.1992
4-47 15.4.1992-16.10.1996; IRAN + TF-104G-M conversion 25.6.1997-22.12.1999; delivery date 20°Gruppo December 22, 1999 in grey camouflage scheme; 4-47 25.1.2000-21.10.2003; last flight 9.12.2003 to Grazzanise AB with 3.100 flight hours; Grazzanise storage 12.122003; Grazzanise AB CFE storage flightline on April 7, 2009 last noted.
GAF
20°Gr
US 61-3072
TF-104G-M
583F-5919
(4-43) planned code, not coded
Lockheed
MM54557
crash
ex GAF 27+89, by road transport to Cameri on August 9, 1984 (delivery date could be August 5, 1984) with 2.157 flight hours; IRAN 28.8,1984-21.9.1988; delivery date 20°Gruppo September 21, 1988.
(4-43) at Bitburg AB it made a very hard landing, collapsing the landing gear, and skidded over the runway on October 19, 1988; LtCol Fabio Landi and LtCol Paolo Telesca did not eject and were safe;  transported to Alenia again where it arrived December 12, 1988. It was declared damaged beyond economical repair with a total of 2.192 flying hours and put on storage at Caselle and was used for spare parts and likely an instructional and check airframe for the TF-104G-M modifications. It was last noted at Caselle on September 1, 1999 just when the TF-104G-M modification development had been finished. In July 2001 the fuselage was seen at the dump of Grosseto AB and it stayed there at least until September 21, 2004. It was not seen since and probably scrapped, withdrawn from use with 2.192 flight hours.
GAF
20°Gr
TF-104G
583F-5946
4-46 1991-2000
MBB assembly
MM54558
crash
ex GAF 28+16, by road transport to Cameri on August 10, 1984 with 1.750 flight hours; IRAN 1.3.1988-23.5.1991; delivery date 20° Gruppo 23.5.1991
4-46 26.6.1991-12.4.1995; IRAN + TF-104G-M conversion 30.5.1995-24.9.1998; grey camouflage scheme; delivery date 20°Gruppo 24.9.1998; 4-46 4.10.1998-22.8.2000; crashed as 4-46 (grey camouflage scheme) into the sea at Grosseto AB on August 22, 2000 after Landing Gear problems; controlled crash into the sea; main Landing Gear bay doors closed before leg retraction after a hard touch and go, Capt Marco Amort (instructor) and Lt Antonio Di Matteo (student) both ejected safely; relict in Grosseto 09.2000-12.12.2003; 2.828 flight hours; dump Grazzanise 23.2.2004 noted; 25.5.2007 last noted; likely scrapped.
GAF
20°Gr
TF-104G-M

notes:
A total of 30 TF-104G have been acquired by the AMI. With deliveries beginning in 1965, 24 were bought as training aircraft for the F-104G and RF-104G procured in the early sixties. The first 12 were MAP aircraft built by Lockheed in the USA and those were model 583D. Another 12 had been built by Lockheed and were reassembled by Fiat in Torino and were model 583H.
In 1984 the remaining 19 two-seater were supplemented by 6 ex German Air Force aircraft.
From 1997 onwards 15 TF-104G have been converted to TF-104G-M (M for "Modificato") standard.
MM54254 "4-36" served as the prototype.
The dual "M" differs from the F-104S/ASA/ASA-M in that, for instance, it lacks the satellite navigation system (GPS).
When the required aircraft have been converted, the remaining TF-104G were gradually withdrawn from use.
The exception to this rule was MM54233 "4-30", which remained in service as a G model (with RSV).
20°Gruppo became part of 4°Stormo (same airbase) in 1985. Before that the 20°Gruppo was autonomous.
After 1985 the numbers became higher than 24 not to be confused with the lower ones owned by the 9°Gruppo, until that date the only squadron of 4°Stormo.

sources:
Zipper issues
Vestuto, Riccardo
Prins, Harry
Peitzmeier, Hubert
Ivan Turniano
Mennen, Heribert
references:
http://www.starfighters.nl
http://www.scramble.nl
Int F104 Society “Zipper“ magazines
916 Starfighter book
F-40 books
Given information is based on best available references, any proven correction is welcome!
update: @ April 1, 2018